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Better Cotton in Türkiye

Cotton is an important crop in Türkiye, where there is a large domestic textile industry that relies on the fibre.

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Licensed Farmers
Tonnes of Better Cotton
Hectares Harvested

These figures are from the 2021/22 cotton season. To find out more, read our latest annual report.

As the seventh-largest cotton producer globally, cotton is also a significant export crop for the country. While 80% of Turkish cotton is machine harvested, farming is still demanding for the many temporary and seasonal workers who work long hours in often poor conditions.

In 2011, leading actors in the Turkish cotton sector approached Better Cotton to start a Better Cotton programme in Türkiye. After an extensive research period, the NGO İyi Pamuk Uygulamaları Derneği (IPUD) – the Good Cotton Practices Association — was created to represent all of the country’s cotton stakeholders. The organisation is now our Strategic Partner in the region, and the first Turkish Better Cotton harvest took place in 2013.

Better Cotton Partners in Türkiye

As our Strategic Partner, IPUD implements the Better Cotton Standard System and manages production of Better Cotton in Türkiye. With its diverse membership base spanning farmers and ginners to manufacturers and civil society organisations, IPUD works to build Better Cotton supply and demand in Türkiye and transform Turkish cotton into a sustainable mainstream commodity.

IPUD partners with government research institutes, universities, supply chain actors and other national and international organisations to advance sustainable cotton production practices in Türkiye.

Better Cotton also works with the following Programme Partners in Türkiye:

  • Canbel Tarim Urunleri Danismanlik Egitim Pazarlama San. Tic. Ltd. Sti,
  • GAP Regional Development Administration
  • WWF Turkey

Sustainability challenges

Due to a rising population and rapid industrialisation, Türkiye is a water-stressed country — an issue expected to only worsen with climate change. Knowing this, ensuring water availability is one of the main challenges for Turkish cotton farmers.

Human rights issues are another challenge in Türkiye’s cotton sector as work is often done by temporary and seasonal workers who do not have written employment contracts. This is especially an issue for farms in the Şanlıurfa region of southeast Anatolia where 40% of Türkiye’s cotton is grown. Thousands of temporary farm workers there — many of whom are Syrian refugees — spend long hours working in the fields with temperatures regularly reaching 40°C+ and basic needs, like proper sun protection or first aid, are not met.

Find out more about the outcomes farmers are experiencing by participating in the Better Cotton programme in our latest Annual Report

Better Cotton Türkiye Field Trip, sponsored by Calik Cotton, Calik Denim and Gap Pazarlama

On October 4-6, 2023, we organised a field trip to the Turkish provinces of Şanlıurfa and Malatya, sponsored by Calik Cotton, Calik Denim and Gap Pazarlama. The trip gave attendees the opportunity to explore cotton production, ginning & supply chain activities, and the implementation of the Better Cotton Standard in Türkiye.

To find out more about the trip, head to this link.

Becoming a trusted cotton farmer to the global apparel and textile industry means providing decent working conditions for workers and ensuring there are never under-age workers on my farm. Joining the project gave me an opportunity to further improve employment practices on my farm and protect vulnerable workers, which will also strengthen my reputation.

Get in touch

Contact our team via the contact form if you’d like to learn more, become a partner, or if you’re a farmer interested in farming Better Cotton.