Over 24% of the population of Kazakhstan are employed by the agricultural industry. Family farms account for approximately 70% of land in Southern and South-eastern Kazakhstan, and account for an estimated 95% of total cotton production. While Kazakhstan is significantly larger than its Central Asian neighbours in terms of land area, its cotton production is relatively low due to the significance of grain cultivation and other food crops.
Cotton is only grown in the Southern districts (known as “oblasts”) where average temperatures of 19-33ºC during the harvest season are favourable to the crop. Water scarcity and harsh climate conditions pose the primary environmental challenges for farmers.
As a response to increasing demand for Better Cotton from Kazakhstan, Louis Dreyfus Company (LDC), a BCI member since 2012, proactively engaged with BCI to establish the programme. In early 2015 stakeholders from the Kazakh cotton sector met in Shymkent, Kazakhstan to discuss BCI. Work officially began in 2016, with the Kazakh branch of LDC taking on the role of Implementing Partner (IP). The first Better Cotton project in Kazakhstan launched in 2016 in the Makhtaaral oblast.
Facts and Figures
- Year of first Better Cotton harvest: 2016
- Harvest period: Cotton is sown in April and harvested between September and November
- Kazakhstan is the northernmost cotton growing country in the world
- Cotton is known as “Мақта” in Kazakh, “хлопок” in Russian
- Farmers typically plant local, medium staple cotton varieties with a short vegetation period of 110-120 days.
2016-17 Season Highlights
- Number of licensed farmers = 43
- Volume of Better Cotton lint = 1,000 metric tonnes
- Area under Better Cotton cultivation = 2,000 hectares
Learn more about key environmental, economic and social indicators achieved by licensed Better Cotton farmers in our annual Harvest Reports. The first Kazakhstan Harvest Report will be published here soon.
Partnering for Change
The Better Cotton programme in Kazakhstan is delivered through our Implementing Partner: Louis Dreyfus Company Kazakhstan.