BCI has worked with Solidaridad and AProCA (Association des Producteurs de Coton Africains) as ImplementingPartners in Mali since 2010.
In Mali, cotton is generally sown from May onwards and harvested from October onwards.
In 2011-12, 10,500 licensed farmers produced 12,000 MT of Better Cotton lint on 32,000 hectares, a scale-upfrom 2010-11, when 3600 licensed farmers produced theequivalent of over 3300 MT of Better Cotton lint on 10,000hectares.
At 390 kg of lint cotton per hectare, Better Cotton farmers in 2011-12 had a 5% higher yield than control farmers and Better Cotton farmers in 2010-11. The common progress suggests that the adoption of Better Cotton practices can result in higher yields. Impact studies are still needed to confirm this trend over a longer period of time. The yield on Farmer Field Schools was 40% higher than that of Better Cotton farmers, which indicates scope for improvement.
In Mali, farmers do not record the use of water, as it all comes from rainwater. However, Better Cotton farmers still maximize available water by using a variety of techniques adapted to rain-fed cotton production such as dry ploughing, partition ploughing and ploughing perpendicularly to the contour line.
In 2011-12, Better Cotton farmers used on average 67% less pesticides (in volume of active ingredient applied per hectare) than control farmers. In 2010- 11, due to frequent rains, pest populations were low, which explains the low average use of pesticides for that season.
The heavy rains of 2010-11 resulted in low yields and profitability, which explains the significant increase in profitability in 2011-12. In the last season, the average profitability of Better Cotton farmers was 8% higher than that of control farmers. The average profitability on farmer field schools was 25% higher than that of Better Cotton farmers, which indicates scope for improvement.
While Better Cotton farmers used similar amounts of commercial fertilizers compared to control farmers, Better Cotton farmers’ use of organic fertilizers (farmyard manure) was much higher in 2011-12 than in the previous season. Better Cotton farmers on average applied 20% more organic fertilizers (farmyard manure) on their fields than control farmers.
For more information please see our Annual Reports