Cotton is the most important agricultural export crop in Mozambique, and one of the major sources of income for rural households in central and northern Mozambique. Most farmers cultivate less than one hectare of cotton. BCI has worked closely with the governments Cotton Institute of Mozambique (IAM) to share learning and establish a strategic partnership to make Better Cotton an option for these smallholder farmers, and continue to work together to address sustainability challenges in the country such as pest management, preventing soil erosion, and protecting water sources.
Who grows Better Cotton?
The second harvest of Better Cotton in Mozambique was carried out in 2014 by 75,000 BCI Farmers, who produced 9,500 MT of Better Cotton lint on 52,000 hectares.
Who are BCI’s Partners in Mozambique?
BCI’s Strategic Partner The Cotton Institute of Mozambique (IAM) take a lead role as the implementer of Better Cotton in the country, ensuring that BCI Production Principles are met for all cotton produced by Mozambique.
Through an initial partnership with the government, which saw BCI’s Minimum Production Criteria embedded in the country’s cotton legislation, IAM is anticipating that Mozambique will become the first country to make 100% of its cotton production Better Cotton.
BCI’s Implementing Partners in Mozambique are concessions that are in most cases ginners. According to the country’s legislation, cotton concessions are companies that are given the right by the government to be the sole operator in a given area, where in return they provide farming inputs to the farmers, namely seed and pesticides. The country has 14 concessions that are mostly national companies – such as SANAM, SAN-JFS and Mocotex – with few multinational concessions such as OLAM.
OLAM became BCI’s Implementing Partner in Mozambique working with farmers to produce the country’s first Better Cotton harvest in 2013, with 2014’s harvest scaling up across more regions with Implementing Partners including SANAM and SAN-JFS coming on board and Mocotex during harvest 2015. Implementing Partners have limited financial resources to promote Better Cotton in Mozambique, so BCI and IAM are working together to develop fundraising strategies for capacity building, to help secure the future of Better Cotton production in Mozambique.
When is cotton grown in Mozambique?
In Mozambique, cotton is sown from January to February and harvested from May to August.
For the most up to date information and more data from the Better Cotton harvest in Mozambique, please refer to our most recent Harvest Report.